Cat Health

OVERVIEW
The litter box is very important in your cat's list of priorities, falling somewhere between dinnertime and curling up in your lap. For a cat, the litter box is a source of security and ownership. Not only is the litter box important to your cat's happiness, it's also important to its health. If the litter box doesn't meet your cat's needs and expectations, it can lead to medical issues and behavioral issues.

LOCATION
If your cat is having litter box issues, consider where the box is located. The litter box should be in an area that is easily accessible to a cat. If possible, the cat shouldn't have to go past noisy children or the family dog to get to its box. The box should be located in a quiet area that allows your pet some privacy.

LITTER
If you're using scented litter and your cat is having medical issues or behavioral problems that may be linked to its litter box habits, switch to an unscented litter. Most cats also prefer a soft, fine-grained litter. However, other cats may prefer pebble-sized litter, pellets or crystals. You may have to experiment to find what best meets your cat's needs.

CLEANLINESS
Use the easy four-step cleaning process to remove waste from the litter at least once a day. Completely empty the litter from the box every 1-2 weeks, and clean the entire litter box – inside and outside – every 3-4 weeks. Cats are less likely to use a dirty litter box.

BEHAVIORAL ISSUES
The number one reason cats are given away by their owners is for urinating and defecating outside the litter box. The saddest part of this situation is that people can take some easy steps to solve the problem. In most instances, rethinking the location of the litter box, the type of litter used and how the box is cleaned, can bring the accommodations up to the cat's liking. This will prevent health issues and behavioral problems that arise when the cat doesn't find the facilities acceptable.

Source: http://www.happynews.com/living/feline/health-effects-cat-litter-box.htm
Veterinarian with Cat
Cat Health Background